A noun has been defined as a word used as the name of something.

It may be the name of a person, a place, a thing, or of some abstract quality, such as, love or truth.
Common and Proper Nouns.
A Proper Noun is a noun that names some particular or special place, person, people, or thing.
A proper noun should always begin with a capital letter; as, English, London, British, John.

Capital Letters & Proper Nouns

As a rule we use a Capital Letter for the first letter of a name or proper noun. This includes names of people, places, companies, days of the week and months. 

For example:

  • This is George.
  • I live in Italy.
  • They work for Amazon.
  • My birthday is in January.
  • I don’t like Mondays.
  • I bought it at Harrods.
A Common Noun is a general or class name. Unlike proper nouns, a common noun is not capitalized unless it either begins a sentence or appears in a title.
For example, the word dog is a common noun; but if your dog was called Rex, the word Rex is a proper noun:

A common noun must fall into one or more of these categories:

  • Abstract nouns: Things you can’t see or touch (e.g., Happiness, joy, love).
  • Collective nouns: Describe groups (e.g., team, orchestra, family).
  • Compound nouns: Nouns made up of more than one word (e.g., Shoe shop, sunset, father-in-law).
  • Concrete nouns: Things you can see or touch (e.g., tree, ball, pencil).
  • Non-countable nouns: Objects or ideas you can’t count, that lack a plural form (e.g., music, oxygen, wine).
  • Person specific nouns: People, jobs, occupations (e.g., mother, father, waitress).
More examples of the difference between common and proper nouns:
  • My favourite newspaper (common noun) is the Washington Post (proper noun).
  • Her husband (common noun) is called John (proper noun).
  • Babe Ruth (proper noun) is the greatest baseball player (common noun) in history.

 

Adapted from: Practical Grammar and Composition, by Thomas Wood

Common and Proper Nouns

A noun has been defined as a word used as the name of something.

Nouns

Is it a common noun or a proper noun?
1.
London
2.
Book
3.
Teacher
4.
Jack
5.
Tree
6.
Friend
7.
Amazon
8.
Pencil
9.
The United States of America
10.
Sunday
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Category: Noun

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